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Citing Sources

Guidelines and examples for the Chicago Style

Introduction

The « author-date » system may be less suitable for audiovisual sources, because the date of publication is essential in this system, and it is sometimes difficult to find the date of publication of an audiovisual document. This is why we will give examples only  for the  « notes and bibliography » system.

DVDs

Notes
First Name Last Name, Title of the movie. Original release date; place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. Type of medium.

Example
Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck,dir. The Lives of Others. 2006; Santa Monica, CA: Lions Gate Entertainment, 2007. DVD.

Bibliography
Last Name, First Name. Title. Original release date; place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. Type of medium.

Example
Henckel von Donnersmarck, Florian, dir. The Lives of Others. 2006; Santa Monica, CA: Lions Gate Entertainment, 2007. DVD.

Scenes are individually accessible in DVDs, so they can be treated as chapters and cited by title or by number.

Example (note)
"Dans la forteresse", La grande illusion, directed by Jean Renoir (1937; Boulogne-Billancourt: Studio Canal, 2001), DVD.

It is also possible to cite ancillary material, such as critical commentary, or documents included in the DVD’s supplements. If it is a material original to a specific edition of the DVD, it is not necessary to mention the original release date of the film. 

Example
"Making Of", The Lives of Others, DVD. Directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck. Santa Monica, CA: Lions Gate Entertainment, 2007.