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Google Tips

How to use Google efficiently

Back to Basics

Searching scholarly literature, such as peer-reviewed articles, theses, repositories, conference papers or case law.

Before searching
1. Define your topic in precise words
2. Avoid words with multiple meanings
3. Translate words in other relevant languages

Collect new keywords while searching

How to search
1. Ignore stop words (the, of, in, an…), lower/upper case letters and accents
2. Use quotation marks (" ") to search for exact phrasing
3. Forget truncation (* ?) in Google
4. Add operators to refine your search
5. Separate keywords with a single space

Results are sorted by relevance according to Google's algorithm

Add &pws=0 to the end of a Google query URL to remove history-based personalisation

Search Settings (under )
- Define the number of results displayed per page
- Choose to open or not selected result in a new browser window
- Opt for another language
- Show access links for your affiliated library:

Advanced Search

Narrow your results by using the Advanced Search
1. Top left, click on
2. Choose "Advanced search"

Find articles...
- written by a specific author
- published in a particular document
- dated between two years

Use classic operators to improve efficiency.

Google Scholar Metrics

U. S. Juridictions

On the homepage, select:
1. Case law
2. Select Federal or State courts

Only with an English language setting