After the Second World War, the Allied powers set up an international tribunal to try war crimes and crimes against humanity committed under the Nazi regime. The Nuremberg tribunal held its first session in 1945 and pronounced judgments on 30. September, 1 October 1946. A similar tribunal was established for Japanese war crimes. It operated from 1946 to 1948.
After the beginning of the war in Bosnia, the United Nations Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 1993, and, after the genocide in Rwanda, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in 1994. The International Law Commission had commenced preparatory work for the establishment of a permanent International Criminal Court in 1993. In 1998, at a diplomatic conference in Rome, the Rome Statute establishing the ICC was signed. The ICC issued its first arrest warrants in 2005.
341.4: International criminal law
341.48: War crimes. Crimes against humanity
341.645: International courts