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International Tribunals

How to locate information about international criminal courts, from Nuremberg to the ICC


© Photo by qimono, pixabay license

After the Second World War, the Allies set up an international tribunal to try war crimes and crimes against humanity committed under the Nazi regime. The Nuremberg Tribunal held its first session in 1945 and pronounced judgements on 30. September, 1 October 1946. A similar tribunal was established for Japanese war crimes. It operated from 1946 to 1948.

Following the outbreak of the war in Bosnia, the United Nations Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 1993, and, after the genocide in Rwanda, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in 1994. The International Law Commission had begun preparatory work on the establishment of a permanent International Criminal Court in 1993. In 1998, the Rome Statute establishing the ICC was signed at a diplomatic conference in Rome. The ICC issued its first arrest warrants in 2005.


341.4: International criminal law
341.48: War crimes. Crimes against humanity
341.485: Genocide
341.645: International courts