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Open Access

In Europe

  • The European Commission supports open access publishing "not as an end in itself but as a tool to facilitate and improve the circulation of information in the European Research Area and beyond". (Fact sheet: Open Access in Horizon 2020).
    All beneficiaries of Horizon Europe grants must allow "immediate open access in a trusted repository, at the latest at the time of publication". Authors must retain enough of their intellectual property rights to comply with their OA requirements, and the publications must be licensed under CC-BY (CC-BY-NC/ND allowed for long text formats). Only publication fees in fully open access journals are eligible for reimbursement. (Open Science in Horizon Europe)
  • cOAlition S and Plan S: on September 4th, 2018, Science Europe, an organization of European national funders (which includes the European Research Council), announces the launch of Plan S, built around this main principle: "By 2020 scientific publications that result from research funded by public grants provided by participating national and European research councils and funding bodies, must be published in compliant Open Access journals or on compliant Open Access Platforms." In May 2019, the start date has been delayed to January 2021.

In Switzerland

Swiss higher education institutions support open access. The Swiss National Science Foundation requires grantees to make their work open access as of 2020, either in the gold or the green road, possibly after an embargo period of 6 or 12 months. It also offers grants to cover APCs (Article-Processing Charges), to publish in gold OA journals. But it does not cover the costs of publication in "hybrid journals" (subscription journals with an OA option). The SNSF supports plan S, but "it is not in a position to add its signature to the plan at present.

According to the Swiss National Strategy on Open Access, adopted in 2017, all publicly funded research in Switzerland should be open-access in 2024.