Citation managers are database managers which allow you to create your own database with the bibliographic references you gather during your research work. Most citation managers make it possible to:
Using a citation manager will allow you to save a lot of time, to avoid tedious and uninteresting tasks, to better the quality of your bibliographies, and to concentrate on research and writing.
There are many different citation managers. In this guide, we will concentrate on two of them, EndNote, a proprietary programme which is the leader on the market, and Zotero, a free programme with many advantages. Both work on Mac and PC.
The best way to know which one best suits your needs is probably to test them. Zotero can be downloaded free of charge, and there is a 30-day free trial period for EndNote, or, if you are a Graduate Institute student, you can test it on the computers at your disposal on our premises (All Programs -> Databases). If you change your mind, it is always possible to transfer your database (which by the way is called a "library") to another programme.
Here is a small choice of Web pages comparing citation managers: