Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Legal Citation

Main citation rules of the Bluebook, the European Journal of International Law, and Oscola

International Court of Justice

Legal Consequences for States of the Continued Presence of South Africa in Namibia (South West Africa) notwithstanding Security Council Resolution 276 (1970) (Advisory Opinion) [1971] ICJ Rep 71

Alleged Violations of Sovereign Rights and Maritime Spaces in the Caribbean Sea (Nicaragua v. Colombia) (Pending) ICJ Press Release 2013/36 <> accessed 20 November 2015

Cite the ICJ Report if available, otherwise cite to the website. Give dates of access for website reports. Cite case names as they appear in the ICJ Reports.

International Criminal Tribunals

Case Name (Decision Type) ICTY or ICTR -year#-case# (date)

Prosecutor v. Akayesu (Judgment) ICTR-96-4-T, T Ch I (2 September 1998)

European Court of Human Rights

Johnston v. Ireland (1986) Series A n°122

Osman v. UK ECHR 1998-VIII 3124

Before 1996, the official Reports of Judgments and Decisions were known as Series A and numbered consecutively. When pinpointing, use ´para´or ´paras´after a comma.