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Treaties and International Conventions

How to locate texts of treaties and international conventions in the Library and on the Internet

Bluebook Style

A citation to a treaty or other international agreement should include the agreement’s name; parties, if applicable; the subdivision referred to, if applicable; the date of signing; and the source(s) in which the treaty can be found.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, March 3rd, 1973, 993 U.N.T.S. 243 [hereinafter CITES].

Treaty Between the United States of America and the Republic of Uruguay Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment art. 6, Oct. 25, 2004, 44 I.L.M. 268.

The Bluebook: a Uniform System of Citations (password)
(Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Law Review Association, 1991-)
340.11(035) HEIA 11825

Oscola Style

If parties can accede to the treaty, cite the full date upon which the treaty was opened for signature. Otherwise, cite the full date that it was signed or adopted. If available, then give the date it entered into force. Parties to a bilateral treaties should be included in parentheses immediately after the title, with the names of the parties separated by a en-dash. If appropriate, an informal/shortened title may be given in parentheses before the pinpoint reference, and used in subsequent references.

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (adopted 28 July 1951, entered into force 22 April 1954) 189 UNTS 137 (Refugee Convention) art 33

Agreement Concerning the Sojourn of Refugees within the Meaning of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees of 31 January 1967) (France–Austria) (Adopted 21 October 1974, entered into force 24 July 1975) 985 UNTS 303