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Podcasting

Equipment Available from the Library

You can borrow the following recording equipment from the Library:

  • For "studio" recording:
    • 1 Behringer 1402 USB mixer (4 channels) + cables,
    • 1 Behringer HA400 4-channel headphone amplifier + cables + 3.5mm jack adapters
    • Shure SM58 microphones + 4 1m XLR cables (also compatible with the Zoom H5),
    • 4 K&M 25995 table microphone stands,
    • 12 foam pieces to reduce reverberation in bubbles,
  • For field recording:
    • 1 Zoom H5 field recorder + XY stereo microphone
    • 1 Proel DST60TL portable microphone stand

Please contact library@graduateinstitute.ch for more information. The Library can also provide you with a 6-month licence key for Hindenburg Journalist Pro, a recording and editing software that is both performant and easy to use. 

Mixer Settings 101

Our mixer can be intimidating, but it isn't as complex as you think, at least for what you intend to do. Here are the recommended settings.

For each "line in" (microphone, 1-4), from top to bottom

Low cut switch

This switch should always be pushed down (on): this cuts off some sounds that are below the frequency of a human voice (ambient noise, vibrations, tapping on table).

Gain

This is the main setting for the sensitivity (recording volume) of the microphone. Start in the middle, and adapt to the voice of each speaker comparatively to each other. You will probably need to push it close to the maximum for a spoken podcast, as opposed to recording a song.

Comp (Compression)

Should be high if you want the microphone to be sensitive to a wide variety of sounds (including the environment), and low if you intend to focus on the voice straight in front of it. In our case, I would say “keep it low”.

EQ (Equalizer), Mid, Low

Keep them in the middle unless you know what you are doing.

Aux, FX

You will not be using these. Keep them to the left.

Pan

For stereo sound – do you want this microphone to be assigned to the right, left or centre? You probably want to keep it in the centre.

Mute switch

Push this if you want to mute a specific (unused) microphone.

Volume fader

You generally want this on 0. Use the Gain knob to set the appropriate sensitivity before the recording, and use the fader when you want the voice to fade away or be softly muted.

More mixer settings

On the right side of the mixer, from top to bottom

Aux sends / Aux returns / Etc

You will not be using this. Leave them. Do not push the “Main mix/Alt 3-4” switch in that section.

Source - USB/2-TR (red)

Do NOT push this. It gets the sound from the computer back in the mixer and causes interferences (buzzing sound).

Source - Alt 3-4

Do not push this, you will not be using it.

Source – Main mix

This should usually be on : it means the sound from the mixer goes to the (head)phones out.

Phones/Ctrl room

Adapt to the volume you want in your ears from the mixer’s (head)phones out.

USB/2-TR To Main (red)

Do NOT push this – this makes the sound of the computer go to the mixer rather than the sound from the mixer go to the computer. If your computer does not receive any sound from the mixer, that could be the reason.

L/R volume lights

When recording your main sound, you want the levels to be at the top of the green or in the yellow lights when the sound is loudest. Adapt individual gains to reach that.

Alt 3-4 fader

You will generally not be using this, you can leave it at the bottom.

Main Mix L/R faders

Leave these on 0. They determine the output volume for the mix into the left and right stereo channels.