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How to Search for Sources and Manage Them

How to develop a search strategy

Grey Literature

© Photo by moshehar, pixabay license

What is grey literature?

Literature that has not been commercially or formally published.


What does it include?

  • Blogs
  • Conference proceedings
  • E-prints
  • Fact sheets
  • Government documents
  • Interviews
  • Newsletters
  • Reports
  • Research Data
  • Surveys
  • Theses
  • Tweets
  • Working papers


What are its advantages?

  • newly disseminated findings
  • information from unpublished studies
  • data which may not be available in traditional publishing


What to look out for?

  • broad range of amorphous material
  • not traditional channels of publishing and distribution
  • quality and reliability of the source
  • not well represented in indexing sources


Where to search?

  • Institutional repositories
  • Databases
    The Library's full-text databases.
  • Organisation websites
  • Open Web
    Limit to site .gov or .edu for more reliable resources.
  • Interlibrary Loan Service
    Request a document through an interlibrary loan if it is available in another library (free service for members of the Geneva Graduate Institute community).


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